Tag Archives: Oil sands

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Oil sands, heavy oil, and bitumen : from recovery to refinery

 During the late 1970s, when I was a graduate student just stepping into the petroleum arena and working toward my doctorate, the biggest fear in this field was the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). At that time, OPEC had an extraordinary influence over world oil industries. Baby boomers will remember the notorious “OPEC shock” of the ’70s, which caused […]