Green Energy and Technology
Production, Conversion, Storage, Conservation, and Coupling
This book is a first effort to fill the need for a comprehensive text on energy. The importance of energy and its effects on everyday life is undisputable. Consequently, many institutions today offer either minor or major degree programs on energy. This undergraduate textbook is prepared for students with diverse backgrounds who are interested to know more on energy and pursue a degree on energy. Although, it is naturally connected to thermodynamics through the energy balance, the new textbook covers many aspects of energy in systems with rate and transport processes. This new textbook discusses five major aspects of energy in an introductory manner in separate chapters. The major aspects are energy production, conversion,
storage, conservation, and coupling. Before discussing these aspects of energy, the textbook starts with an introduction and basic definitions in Chap. 1. In Chap. 2, the primary and the secondary energy types are discussed. Chapter 3 discusses mechanical and electrical energies. Chapter 4 discusses internal energy, enthalpy, heat of reaction, and heat transfer, while Chap. 5 discusses energy balance. Chapter 6 discusses energy production by mainly cyclic processes. Chapter 7 discusses energy conversion with an emphasis on thermal efficiency of these conversions. Chapter 8 discusses energy storage techniques including thermal energy storage by sensible and latent heats. Chapter 9 discusses energy conservation, while energy coupling in biological systems is discussed briefly in Chap. 10. There are 130 fully solved example problems throughout the chapters, and 642 practice problems listed at the end of ten chapters. The examples and practice problems provide the students with an opportunity towards a deep understanding of the concepts and aspects of energy.